Friday, July 27, 2012
Thursday, July 26, 2012
I don’t know if the ARIS Survey puts exactly the same boundaries on US Regions as the UUA does, but regional findings from this survey are pretty interesting.
In 1990, the Northeast contained 21% of the American Population and 26% of the UU’s. (Remembering that this survey counted as UU anyone who claimed that, which was a lot more people than are actual members of churches.) The Northeast area shrank in population, and in 2008, contained 18% of the population and 19% of the UU’s. The Midwest lost less population (2%) but more UU’s (6%). The South gained 2% of the population and 3% of the UUs, and the west gained 3% of the population and a whopping 10% of the UU’s. Still…that’s a lot of growth. The upshot is that, as of 2008, this chart shows regional distribution of those claiming UU identity.
Tuesday, July 24, 2012
In my last two posts, I have discussed research findings about Unitarian Universalists from the American Religious Identification Survey. Now…what does it all mean?
More than half of those who tell researchers that they are UU’s don’t belong to a UU church. Some are probably peripherally involved with a UU church, but it seems more likely that the majority of this group consists of people who were raised UU. (This can be inferred from the large number of people who identified as UU’s who said that they had never changed faiths, ie, were raised UU’s. Over 50% reported of the sample claimed this, whereas I have never been in a group of UU’s over age 35 where more than about 20% were raised UU’s; the usual figure is 10%.) So it appears to me that a major question we should be asking is, “What could we do to get our kids back?” (most of those “kids” are now over 40, of course). The answer to that question will have to be found by discovering ways we can serve the religious needs of adults who were raised UU’s, still think of themselves as UU’s, but are no longer participating in a congregation.
A second, more general question would be, “How can we serve the religious needs of those who tell researchers that they are UU’s but are not members of our congregations? (In some polling situations, three times as many people tell researchers that they are UU’s than are members of our congregations) What’s up, here? Are there solvable issues with current congregations that would bring more folks in? (maybe most of our congregations need to find ways to offer Saturday worship? Maybe what people really want is small groups?) Is the problem that we’ve conflated legal membership in the corporation with membership in the religious community? (We need to ask the Puritans how that worked for them!) Are there ways to meet needs on a fee-for-service basis that would allow non-member UU’s to feel a part of things and offer support without joining? (Retreats, RE, Small Groups, etc?) Do we want to do that? This discernment is the work that is being called “Congregations and Beyond”.
Monday, July 23, 2012
The American Religious Identification Survey is done about once a decade and involves a large number of Americans (about 50 thousand) in a telephone poll about their religion. The third such poll, done in 2008, was just released, and has a number of interesting points for UU’s to ponder. The information can be found here:
Besides the points I covered yesterday (That fewer than half of those who identify as UU’s actually belong to a congregation, that that group is growing in number rather significantly and growing in diversity even faster than the American population is), here are some more points of interest in this survey.
1. We’re migrating just like the rest of the population. In 1990, 26% of us lived in the northeast and 23% of us lived in the Midwest, while 21% of us lived in the south and 30% lived in the west. In 2008, only 19% of us lived in the NE and 17% of us lived in the Midwest, while 24% of us are southerners and 40% are westerners. We are only historically a New England congregation these days! The great majority of UU’s live elsewhere.
2. We’re aging faster than the population at large. The median age of the population has increased from 40 to 44 years old over the study period, but increased from 44 to 52 years among those claiming to be Unitarian Universalists. (remember, half of these people don't belong to congregations. However, most of our congregations appear to have aged in this time period.)
3. We are more monolithically Democrats than we were in 1990, when about 18% of u were Republicans and 37% were Independents. In 2008, only 6% of us were Republicans and 30% independents. In 2008, the percentages were 6% Republicans and 30% Independents…a significant loss of diversity. We have also seen this in congregational life.
A small percentage of respondents were asked more detailed questions of their religious beliefs. The following data is suggestive but based on very small numbers of respondants, so is not statistically significant.
- 1. 77% of self-identified UU’s told researchers that they believed in God, but of those, few believed in miracles or that God helps them in any way. While this is very surprising to most UU's, it actually is not very far off from surveying I've done over the years in several congregations.
- 2. Fewer than half of the people researchers spoke to said that they were legal members of a UU congregation. This is similar to what they found among other liberal religious groups.
- 3. About ½ of the sample UU’s had switched religions at some point in their lives. (common wisdom among UU’s, however, is that 90% of UU’s “came out” of some other faith. This gives us a strong hint, it seems to me, about who identifies as UU but is not a member of a church…that is, the adult graduates of our RE programs.
- 4. This study estimates that there are 100,000 people in the US who used to be UU’s but who are now something else, mostly, none. (so the old joke about how Unitarian Universalism is a way station between the Mainline and the Golf Course seems to be true.)
- 5. Over half of UU’s in this sample were in interfaith (or UU/no faith) households.
In the last post of these series, I’ll comment more on the significance of these statistics.
Friday, July 20, 2012
In 1990, 2001, and 2008, researchers funded by the Lily Foundation randomly dialed up about fifty thousand Americans and asked them, “What is your religion, if any? Then, they asked follow-up questions. In 2008, 192 of those fifty thousand identified as Unitarian Universalists, up from 182 in 2001. The following is an extrapolation and analysis of this data. The whole report can be found here This study gives us some interesting information about ourselves and comparison to other religious bodies.
The single most interesting, but not surprising fact is that this study suggests that there are more than a half a million adult UU’s in this nation. Fewer than half of these self-identified UU’s are legal members of UU churches, but they think of themselves as UU’s. Furthermore, this group is growing robustly…as a matter of fact, nearly keeping up with population growth. (the group of self-identified UU’s grew by 26% between 1990 and 2008, compared with 30% population growth)
Here’s a happy surprise: The UUA has done a little better than the nation as a whole in increasing ethnic diversity. In 1990, non-Hispanic Whites were 90% of the UUA. (compared to 77% in the US as a whole) These days, non-Hispanic whites are 75% of the UUA. (compared to 66% overall) We are still lagging behind our nation, but not by as much. Our success at this is largely due to an increase in Hispanic UU’s, however, while most of our diversity "angst" over the years has been the small number of African American UU's.
11% of the US population is Black, but only 6% of this sample of people who claim to be Unitarian Universalists is Black. However, even on this point we have notable success. In 1990, we lagged 8 points behind the nation in percentage of Black members. These days, we lag only 5 percentage points behind.
This study has more interesting things to say about us. Stay tuned to this Blog for more!